‘Pen represents intellect while as sword is a sign of power’ – Dr Ghulam Qadir Lone
Dr Ghulam Qadir Lone is a renowned scholar, author and intellectual. His three important books namely “Muta’alai Tasawwuf” and “Quroon e wusta kay musalmanoun kay scienci karnamay” and ” Iqbal aur Nitzche” got good applaud in academic circles of Sub-Continent. Apart from these, many of his books have hit the stands. His work in research, creativity and intellect has earned him prominent status in academic circle.
Born in Hadipora village of Rafiabad, Baramulla, Dr Ghulam Qadir after completing his Post Graduation in Arabic from Lucknow University did his PhD in Tasawwuf from the same university. Now he is engaged in writing and compilation.
The spheres of interest for Dr Ghulam Qadir Lone are Quran, Hadith, Tasawwuf, History, Philosphy and Ilm Kalam. On these topics his research papers keep on publishing in renowned journals.
In a conversation with Ghazi Suhail Khan, a special correspondent of Payam Talba, Urdu Journal, Dr Lone talks about pen and writing. For the interest of readers here is its translation.
Q: What is the role of a writer in a society?
Whenever and wherever in the world a change or a revolution has taken place, it was only because of two things i.e Pen and Sword. Pen represents intellect and thinking while as sword is a sign of power but pen is more powerful than sword. In contemporary world the role of media is considered to be vital. In case of Afghanistan, Somalia and Iraq, media played a more important role than their military expeditions could.
Q: Upon what topics should a budding writer initially pen down?
One can write about anything, there are no hard and fast rules for choosing a subject to write upon. Choosing a topic is subjected to ones interests but what is important is that a writer should have extensive information about the subject. He should also have courtesy to put forward his ideas. He should have brevity in his writings.
Writer holds responsibility of society. He should be well aware about the issues of society. In current times, writer plays an important role in the formation of public opinion. To create a sound society his/her each and every word constitutes a building block. He is the protector of moral and societal values.
Q: What is the reason by which a wide segment of readers have come into influence of western writers?
A: western writers study extensively. Apart from doing hard work on their subjects they write in modern and contemporary mode of language, which is why modern educated muslims are influenced by them. Another reason is that the modern educated muslims are nearer to western culture than their own civilization and culture. Let’s take the example of Kashmiris, how many among them keep the necessary information of the living style, food, cultivation, income sources, history and geography. How many among them are aware about the thousands of medicinal plants growing here? How many of them are interested in handicrafts and its industry and commerce? Usually western writers consider about basic issues while as modern muslim youth are not concerned about it. This is the reason why the sphere of influence of western writers is deep and wide. This is the reaon modern educated muslims are in virtual captivity of western writers.
Q: In a disputed territory, how does a situation affects writer?
There is a great impact of the surrounding situation on a writer and the way he writes. In disputed territories, the sense of occupation and insecurity affect the imagination of the writer. Most of the writers give up to the occupying force.
“quwwat e farman rawa ma’bood aoo”
Those writers who dare to write the reality face so many turbulations and miseries at the hands of their oppressor.
Not only writing , even conscious and conscience is also lost under subjugation.
Many a times, a writer chooses to be siding with the oppressor and blames Islam and Muslims for what prevails in occupation. He even criticizes and writes against Muslims for not accepting the status-quo.
“in ghulamoun ka maslak hai ki’ naqis hai kitab
sikkhati nahin mu’min ko ghulami k tareeq”
Stature of a free nation is always held high. Voices of their writers reverberate across horizons. Subjugation effects a writers’ imaginations and most of the times the way of their writing is soulless and apologetic. They are not outspoken but usually pick and choose the mistakes of oppressed before oppressor.
Q: How can the writers from disputed regions reach out to the masses?
The writers from the disputed territories have indeed to face the difficult circumstances but they can make use of the freedom of expression to some extent and make their point. If we look at the freedom struggle of India, we see how the writers, poets and academicians have expressed themselves favouring the sentiment of freedom.
Maulana Zafar Ali Khan, Ghulam Rasool Mehar, Maulana Mohammad Ali Johar; all of these people have set examples in the field of journalism.
Scholars like Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Maulana Hussain Ahmad Deobandi have contributed in sustaining the Freedom Movement against the British imperialism.
Maulana Shubli Naumani, Maulana Hali and Akbar Allahbadi and Dr Iqbal have played a pivotal role in awakening of the muslims.
Josh Maleehabadi, Faiz Ahmad Faiz and other poets have composed the poems about the freedom movement.
There are countless poems in Urdu that have criticized the oppression. It was difficult for them as well. But those who take a stand courageously, they subdue the prevailing difficult situations.
Q: There are some youth who are very fond of Urdu but are not well-versed. Any suggestions for them?
They should learn Urdu. Its only a matter of six months for those who sincerely want to learn this beautiful language. Urdu is the official language of J&K State and is an important medium to connect. This makes it compulsory.
In western societies, a scholar knows several languages, but how tragic of us that we don’t even know our mother tongue or official language.
Q: What should a writer keep in his mind while choosing a topic?
A writer should extensively research about the things he is interested in writing about. Then he should answer to himself why he is writing about a specific thing. He should have impeccable hold on the language in which he is going to write.
If a writer has a very good Idea to write about but does not have command on the language, he would not be able to articulate in a way the magnitude of the idea demands. For a writer it is extremely important to read, the more he reads, the better he would write.
And it is also very important to present your writing in such a way that it attracts your readers. We should always choose a very catchy title for our writing which sums up the central idea of what we have written.
Q: How does a writer enhance the brevity in his writing?
It demands thorough knowledge about the subject. For brief articulations, its very important to have extensive study. For example, a writer was once asked that why did he write such a lengthy letter. He answered that he didn’t get time to shorten it. There are many huge books that couldn’t bring any change. On the contrary, many small booklets have triggered revolutions. To say more in few words is an art. One gets better at it by extensive reading.
We should “know something about everything and everything about something”. Unless we don’t know everything about something, we can’t present that something in a good way.