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Achieving Peace: A strenuous journey.

Achieving Peace: A strenuous journey.
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Adil Eqbal*

The modern world finds itself engulfed in an atmosphere of bloodshed, corruption, injustice, anarchy, or simply no assurance whatsoever of one’s life and honor. Be it the economic exploitations of sub-Saharan countries by the very standard bearers of justice and development, or the massive bloodshed rampant in Middle-Eastern countries or escalating intolerance within the largest democracy or an alarming widening gap between rich and poor, here anything and everything is presenting a gloomy and miserable picture of the world. Not only the number of crimes is increasing at an unprecedented rate but also the types of crimes is indicating that something is wrong somewhere or rather everything everywhere and situation is more likely to deteriorate further.

Now the perplexing thing is why the humankind and that too at a time when it is studying the stars, revealing the various mysteries of the universe, endeavoring to conquer the nature, enjoying the luxuries unheard by  the forefathers, is experiencing such a collapse of socio-politico-economic order. This failure towards attainment of peace becomes all the more confusing by just a cursory glance over few failed attempts to bring peace and order is not history very far. About two centuries ago the intelligentsia blamed the monarchy intermingled with religion as root cause of all the evils. Thus nation states were established to bring order in the disordered world. But these nations where yet to mature and an intense war broke out among them one followed by another just within two decades, both known in history as world wars, which lead to unprecedented loss of lives and property. Then the world witnessed the birth of League of Nations as well as UNO to serve as forums of peace but both failed miserably in this task. Presently UNO holds its position as an organization which can’t do anything other than giving  ornamental statements. And at places where it can and is willing to do something  ( Third world countries), the results are far from desired, its own peace-keeper army is infamous for exploiting the helpless poor natives in variety of ways, most notably sexual exploitation of children.

In history we had the Great Soviet Union attempting to bring peace under a powerful unified state but even that attempt failed and the Soviet Union collapsed without a shot fired at Kremlin, mostly as a result of its policy of expansionism, imperialism, and colonialism. The long list of unsuccessful efforts makes it evident that humanity is either unable, unwilling or incapable of bringing peace on its own.

So, where does the problem lie? Is it the very inherent weakness of human beings which makes it difficult for them to attain peace? Will we ever reach the calmness from troubled time? If yes, then how?

To understand these problems we must keep few points about the nature of human beings in mind

* Human beings have an urge to dominate over others. One wants to influence and control others at whatever possible level for fulfillment of one’s own desires. This is true at the individual as well as at the national and inter-national level. This explains why few individual and few nations have always been so eager to exploit and oppress others.

*One more obvious and intrinsic nature of humanity is its dependency. Even the most powerful group of persons are dependent upon others for various reasons, most important among them is guarding and expanding power. Thus obstructing free and fair decision-making necessary for the peace, as any decision is bound to tilt towards decider’s benefactors.

*Humans are found to be biased. This bias can be towards certain people, culture, or ideas as a result of just or unjust view. Thus once again obstructing free and fair decision. Even if one tries to be perfectly unbiased, he/she is usually confined within himself or herself i.e. He can never experience the needs, desires or perspective of others. This in true sense rules out the possibility of one making a decision acceptable or fair towards different interest groups apart from one’s own.

*Human beings have limited capabilities. There is limit on how fast we can run, there is limit on our hearing capabilities, similarly there is limit on our vision. Thus it is very reasonable to assume that there are some limitations on our thinking capabilities too. And perhaps we cannot comprehend the problems and present their solutions beyond a certain level of complexity.

These are few of the many reasons which in my view render human beings incapable as well as unwilling to create a peaceful world. So how shall we achieve peace? The answer is simple we will have to rely upon someone free from the above mentioned defects. He should not have the urge to dominate but should be already dominant over each and everything. He should not only be independent of everything but everything should be dependent upon him. He should not suffer from emotional weakness making him biased and unjust. He should be well aware about the nature of each and every individual, i.e.  How anyone from any group of any section of the society reacts and responds under different circumstances. Only such a being is in suitable position to provide necessary solution to the problems faced by mankind.

Many people believe that such a being exists and controls the entire universe. Everything in the universe abides by rules and laws set by him, be it grandest of galaxies or tiniest of atoms. Among few things that appear to be left independent and free in universe up to a certain extent is thoughts and actions of men. The attainment of peace depends on these thoughts and actions. It has been left up to him to either accept the dominance of all-knowing and all-powerful being or to take others beside him as his masters and simultaneously become master of others. In the second case he will betray his very own nature   and whatever efforts he would made , assuming he does make some, to establish peace are bound for failure due to reasons aforementioned. While the first case will put the mankind in coherence with its own nature, this alone can ensure true peace. Thus the possible attainment of peace depends upon our search for the truth. We must find out the purpose of our very existence and organize ourselves by principles and rules accordingly. For the humankind this appears to be a distant and strenuous journey.

The Question however remains, are we ready to accept the Truth

*Author is pursuing Mechanical Engineering at ZHCET, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. He is a vibrant member of students activist group “Students of AMU” and can be reached at https://www.facebook.com/adil1258

Disclaimer: Views expressed are exclusively personal and do not necessarily reflect the position of Oracle Opinions

 

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